A Public Private Partnership that turns rural wastes into resources.The Community Based SLWM project under TSC has been initiated in Raghunatpur I Gram Panchayat of Shahid Matangini Block of East Medinipur from end of December 2008 with support from UNICEF Kolkata and Purba Medinipur ZP. The project was launched with a participatory planning workshop facilitated by TSC Task Force, P&RDD, GoWB, Purba Medinipur Zilla Parishad, and UNICEF. Centralised compost shed A local NGO ‘Amra Susama Jalaprapat” has been given the responsibility of implementing the activities by Shahid Matangini Panchayat Samiti and Raghunathpur I GP. Since inception, special effort has been vested for awareness generation at household level. A detailed house to house survey covering 3000 HH of all the 13 Gram Sansads was conducted to understand the nature and volume of wastes generated in the Gram Panchayat. The house to house survey platform was also judiciously used by the implementing agency for inter personal communication and promoting key messages related with safe disposal of solid and liquid wastes.
IEC materials developed and used In this project, stress has been given for on‐site treatment of household level wastes by promoting vermi‐composting and kitchen gardening at household level. For this purpose local youth and SHG members (total 11 covering 13 Gram Sansad of Raghunathpur I GP) were trained by local NGO to promote the concept at household level. A design of a household level vermi‐compost tank has already been prepared by the local NGO and Tamralipta Guccha Samiti, and very shortly it will be demonstrated and promoted at household level. Beside this, Paschim Banga Vigyan Macha has created eco‐clubs in each school of that locality. A Green Brigade (Sabuj Bahini) has been developed by the local NGO and Gram Panchayat from the members of those eco‐clubs to disseminate information and key messages related with safe disposal of solid and liquid wastes at household and market places. Very shortly, a handholding training of this Green Brigade will be organized. Bins placed at market places A specially designed wastes collection rickshaw For wastes in market places, road‐ side, agricultural wastes and from densely populated areas, a centralised compost ground has been developed. Gram Panchayat contributed the land. Before the construction activities, it was a low land. Shahid Matangini Panchayat Samiti mobilised resources from WBREGS for up‐ gradation of the land. Approximately 1700 man‐days had been created covering 40 labours for reclamation of this low‐lying land. Two compost sheds have been constructed from the project cost. Stress has been given to use local materials like bamboo, straw, etc for construction of the sheds. One shed consists of six under ground (lined in both sides with polythene sheet to reduce the cost) chambers, mainly used for aerobic decomposition of bio‐degradable wastes. To accelerate the process of decomposition cow dung and cow urine are also mixed with wastes. Here decomposition takes place for 21 days. From there, waste moves to the vermi‐compost beds. Just beside the aerobic compost shed, vermi‐compost beds have been constructed with thatched roof, false ceiling and concrete floor.
At present 5000 earthworm are being given to 800 kg of semi‐decomposed wastes. Low-cost aerobic decomposition chamber A low-cost vermi compost shed and bed Organisation is slowly increasing the number of earthworm to accelerate the process of compost preparation. Now, it takes 30‐40 days to decompose it fully. But, if the dosing amount of earthworm is increased to 1200 per 800 kg of wastes, then within 20 days after aerobic decomposition the vermi‐ compost will be produced. At present approximately, 40,000 earthworms are there. Initially organisation bought 5000 earthworm (African variety) from the market. Gram Panchayat has also taken an innovative strategy to reclamation of ponds. Water hyacinths from the ponds are collected in frequent intervals and are used as a feeding item for earthworm to prepare vermi‐ compost. Specially designed rickshaw for collection of water hyacinth Every day specially designed rickshaw van with two compartments collect the wastes from market places and densely populated houses. A special designed rickshaw has been constructed only for collection of water hyacinth. Organisation is planning to design a special mobile unit (pedal van) to collect waste water from fish and vegetable market, also. At present from 300 shops, 200 families from densely populated habitations, and 20 ponds daily 300 kg of solid wastes are collected. Since the inception of the project Vermi-bed is cured with water total 400 kg of vermi‐compost has been produced. 100 kg of vermi‐compost has been sold at the rate of Rs 6/kg. With packaging the production cost of per kg of vermi‐compost is coming to nearly Rs 4/kg, however it will be reduced to Rs 3.25‐3.50/kg when the production will increase. Gramm Panchayat has created a small group of farmers (Bipanan Bandhu) to promote the organic framing and usage of vermi‐compost amongst local farmers (social marketing).Final vermi-compost packed for sale Vermi-wash collection chamber Beside vermi‐compost, a special arrangement has been made to collect the vermi‐wash also. Already 50 ltr of Vermi‐wash has been collected and it is an excellent liquid fertiliser. Inside the compost ground, one small nursery has been developed where vermi‐wash has been used in the plantsand results are very encouraging. Gram Panchayat is planning to sale vermi‐wash also. In Tamil Nadu 1 ltr of Vermi‐Wash is sold as Rs 80/kg. Workers involved in wastes segregation The local organisation has also demonstrated the use of Grey water for kitchen gardening in the nursery plots by pitcher irrigation technology (Kalsi Sech). Pitchers with specially created small holes and with straws inside, placed beneath the ground with only mouth is showing above the ground. In regular intervals, pitchers are planted inside the ground. Now grey water is poured in the pitcher through its mouth and water slowly get into the ground. The small holes and straws clean the water and control the speed. Water slowly percolates into the ground. This is a traditional drip farming technology. Organisation has already developed and produced those pre fabricated pitchers and will start promoting at the household level. This project has given employment opportunity and social inclusiveness to 10 people coming from weaker section of the society out of which five is women. Now, the workers have a stable source of income. Proper protection measures of workers have been ensured with uniform, gloves and mask. Beside the monthly honorarium of Rs 1000 workers are given lunch by the local NGO. Nursery with Pitcher Irrigation
Organisation is facing the challenge while dealing with non‐biodegradable recyclable wastes. Nearly 300 kg of recyclable wastes like paper, plastic, rubber are stored. Organisation is planning to set up a small recycled paper making plant with the SHG members and purchase a plastic shredding and cutting machine for selling it to the plastic manufacturers. Women members involved with the project This project is a good example of public‐private partnership between local Gram Panchayat and NGO under the leadership of a newly constituted advisory committee at Gram Panchayat level headed by Panchayat Pradhan is implementing the activities. At the same time, in addition of making resources from wastes, it provides opportunity for low income communities, especially the women to contribute towards ensuring environmental sanitation with activeparticipation from children and youth.